Root Cuttings Perennials

root cuttings perennials, perennial division, shrub division, how to make root cuttings, plants for root cuttings

Root Cuttings Perennials

Learn how do take root cuttings from your perennial plants.

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If you wish to obtain the maximum amount of plants from your perennials, you should take some root cuttings from you perennials. This method will give you the maximum amount of plants from a few existing perennials.

All it takes is a few simple steps and without a lot of fancy or expensive equipment you can maximize the plant output from just a few perennials.

Keep in mind that by using this method, it will take somewhat longer for the plants to grow and reach maturity.

Root Cuttings Perennials- The Fine Rooted Perennials

We break down the perennials into to 2 basic groups. The first group has very fine roots.

Some of the perennials with fine roots include:

Blanket Flowers
Globe Thistles
Cushion Surge

Achillea - Appleblossom For two to three months in summer, these lightly fragrant blooms will draw butterflies to your garden. Flowers start white at the beginning of the season and mature to soft, apple blossom pink. Great for borders and rock gardens.

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Root Cuttings Perennials- Making The Cut

For root cuttings from perennials, it is best just to lift the entire plant out of the ground, to have access to all of the roots.

With the fine-rooted perennials, take cuttings from the root that are between 1-1/2" and 2-1/2" long. Make these cuts with a sharp pruning shears. My absolute favorite pruners that I have had for decades is the Felco Classic Manual Hand Pruner #F-2.

Prepare a flat filled with well-prepared, rich, sandy soil or a starting mix. One of my favorites is the Foxfarm Organic Planting Mix, which includes worm castings and bat guano which makes for a great planting medium and a boost for your new plants.

Scatter the fine-rooting Root Cuttings horizontally over the surface of the soil mix.

Now take sifted, light soil or starting mix and cover them with about 1/2" of that soil.

To maintain high humidity, cover the flat with a plastic bag or a pane of glass and place it under lights.

Replant the mother plant or cover the exposed roots. Then water the area thoroughly to remove large air pockets in the soil and settle the roots back into their home.

FoxFarm Organic Planting Mix 1cu.ft. Ready to use right out of the bag. Exceptional for raised bed planting and amending existing garden beds. Contains premium select earthworm castings, bat guano and micros.

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Root Cuttings Perennials - Planting Tips:

The best time of the year to make root cuttings from perennials is in the early spring, before growth of the plant has begun. If you prefer to take the cuttings in the fall, it should be in the very late fall, between the months of November and February.

What this means is the cutting are most effectively taken during plant dormancy, between November and February as the plants are storing their maximum energy in the root structure and you minimize stress placed on the parent plant.

Prior to taking the cuttings, make sure the plants have been well-watered.

Keep the cuttings moist, not waterlogged. When they begin to grow, treat them as you would any seedling. Keep the soil moist to the touch.

Typically perennials cutting that are grown indoors can sprout much quicker than their outdoor planted counterparts.

After several shoots emerge, remove the protective covering from the flat and feed the new plants with a 50% solution of organic liquid fertilizer.

If the perennials are sun lovers, now is the time to give them adequate lighting to encourage health growth.

Just as you would do with seedlings, you should gradually introduce or "harden-off" the plant to the rigors of the outdoor environment.

If planted in the early spring, you will find that your plants will mature and get quite bushy during the growing season.

By fall they should be ready to be placed in the landscape, in their permanent location.

Coral Mu Shao Yao Peony: Violet-pink flowers about 10 cm (4") across, with white or pink filaments, bloom in May above grey-green leaves. Long known as P. corallina var. pubescens.

Sometimes treated as P. russoi, and sometimes spelled "russii;" named for the Sicilian botanist Father Joachim Russo of the Dominican monastery at Monte Cassino. Native to the Mediterranean region, mostly islands from Spain to western Greece.

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Root Cuttings Perennials- The Fleshy-Rooted Perennials

The perennials with fleshy roots include:

Baby's Breath
Bear's breeches
Old Fashioned Bleeding Heart
Oriental Poppy

The process for taking and planting fleshy perennial root cuttings in this way.

Take a root that is as large as you can get - try for a pencil sized root.

Cut the roots into pieces from 1-1/2" to 2-1/2" long. When you take the cuttings, be sure to orient the tops all the same directions so you can keep them in order during planting time. A better option is to make the bottom cuts diagonal so you can maintain the proper orientation.

Remember with perennials the rule for root cuttings is "the thicker-the better".

Prepare a flat filled with well-prepared, rich, sandy soil or a starting mix.

Place the cuttings vertically, top up, at about a 3" center to center spacing in the planting medium. Make sure to keep the root approximately 1/4" above the planting medium.

To maintain high humidity, cover the flat with a plastic bag or a pane of glass and place it under lights.

Replant the mother plant or cover the exposed roots. Then water the area thoroughly to remove large air pockets in the soil and settle the roots back into their home.

Felco Classic Manual Hand Pruner #F-2 Hand bypass pruners with hardened nut and bolt and replaceable cutting blade. Anvil blade with deep sap groove to prevent sticking; shock absorbers reduce wrist fatigue. Forged-metal alloy handles with molded-plastic coating for comfort; Swiss, hardened cutting blade. Includes adjustment key and plastic storage package

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Emerald Blue Hardy Phlox: Provides unsurpassed flowering in summer, clear crisp colors and fragrant flowers in profusion. Garden Phlox are known as the ?backbone? of the perennial border. Phlox grow best in rich, moist soil in full sun.

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Root Cuttings Perennials- Plant Table

Here are some common plants that are receptive to Root Cuttings:

Common Name Botanical Name
Baby's Breath Gypsophlla
Barrenworts Epimedium
Bear’s breeches Acanthus mollis
Blue Bugloss Anchusa azurea
Blue stars Amsonia
Butterfly Weeds Asclepias
Cardoon Cynara cardunculus
Colewort Crambe cordifolia
Comfreys Symphytum
Evening Primrose Oenothera
Gas Plant Dictamnus albus
Glove Thistles Echinops
Globeflowers Trollius
Hollyhocks Alcea rosea
Japanese anemone Anemone x hybrida
Joe Pye weed Eupatorium fistulosum
Old-Fashoned Bleeding Heart Dicentra spectabilis
Oriental Poppy Papaver orientale
Peonies Paeonia
Phlox Phlox
Stokes' Aster Stokesia laevis
Stonecrops Sedum
Yuccas Yucca