Water Garden Fish

Water Garden Fish - Japanese koi, Koi fish.

Water Garden Fish

Water Garden Fish | Considering adding Japanese Koi or other fish to your water garden? Get tips on choosing Koi fish, adding them to your pond, and caring for them at Green Living Made Easy.

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If you have made the decision to add water garden fish to your pond, these tips will help get you on your way to have healthy, happy and easy care fish.

The most likely choice in water garden fish selection has become the ever increasingly popular Japanese Koi. These fish are very popular for their size and their beautiful, colorful markings.

Water Gardens

Water Garden Fish - Japanese Koi

They also help clean mosquito larvae from the pond and keep the algae down, as they eat the algae. As beautiful as they are, they do come with a price. Not only can Koi be quite expensive, they also require some care. If your pond is not kept up to their standards, you'll end up with sick fish...or worse.

Here are some tips to consider and to keep you out of trouble with these colorful water garden fish.

Don't Overpopulate:

Here's a general rule of thumb to consider when adding Japanese Koi to your pond. Add one large fish per 100 gallons of water. Do not exceed this as you will over-populate your pond and end up with bunch of stressed fish.

In our example in the first article Water Garden Design, we had a 2,500 gallon pond. This pond would support 25 large koi (and they will get large!).

Water garden features

Water Garden Fish - Comets

Buy Your Fish From a Reputable Supplier:

Make sure to buy your fish from a supplier with a good reputation. This can either be a local supplier or by mail order (yes koi can be shipped in aerated bags very safely - as long as they are healthy to begin with).

If you buy from a friend or other source make sure there is no disease in the pond and that the fish are healthy and not stressed.

Keep Your Pond Oxygenated:

This means you should have plenty of oxygen available to the koi at all times. This can be by means of a waterfall, bubbler, or other oxygen producing device you place in the pond.

If not adequately oxygenated a sure sign is the koi will be gasping for air at the surface for long periods of time.

Here's Some Additional Water Gardening Articles

Water Gardens Home Page
Water Garden Design
Water Garden Construction
Water Garden Features
Water Garden Fish
Water Garden Maintenance
Water Garden Plants

Japanese Koi

Water Garden Fish - Shubunkin

Choosing Waterfall Materials:

Keep Your Pond Clean: Keep all debris out of your pond to prevent any decaying matter from forming on the bottom of your pond.

This is both unsightly and unhealthy for the water garden fish. Be very vigilant in keeping leaves, sticks, and other materials from entering your pond and sinking to the bottom.

Regulate Water Temperature:

How do you regulate water temperature? There are two ways. One is to install a good pump and filtration system that thoroughly mixes the water every day. Secondly install plenty of surface aquatic plants that shade the water during the warmer season.

Keep Your PH in Check:

PH is especially a concern early on in your pond's life. The biggest reason for this is that many people place stone with mortar around the edge of their water garden pond and that leaches alkaline from the mortar into the pond.

If your PH reaches 8.5 or above it is considered unhealthy for your fish and they will possibly become lethargic or contract fungal diseases.

Maintaining your pond

Water Garden Fish - Oranda Goldfish

Don't fill Your Water Garden With Tap Water:

Never introduce tap water to your pond. Most tap water contain high levels of calcium and magnesium and chlorine and koi are not well-suited to high mineral contents in water.

A good filtration system will keep out contaminates and keep your water pure. You should purchase your water from a water supplier that specializes in pond filling. If you fill from a well, your water could likely be hard and full of minerals. If filled from a well, allow the water to stand for several weeks before introducing fish.

Additional Fish to Consider:

If you would like options to Koi consider these fish:

Comets: are standard goldfish. They are a bit more hardy than the Koi, but don't grow as fast or as large. These fish are very prolific and you will have hundreds of them in no time.

Oranda Goldfish: This are another version of the standard goldfish. They are rather small and most of them have fantails. They are slow movers so if you have cats or raccoons in your area, these fish will be missing in no time.

Shubunkin or Calico Pond Comet: Just like the regular comet but much prettier markings. You could almost call these fish mock koi.

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